Complications during pregnancy and childbirth cause a large number of maternal deaths, especially in developing countries.


Nigeria and India accounted for one-third of all maternal deaths worldwide in 2015. One of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDG) is to reduce the global

Maternal Mortality Ratio, i.e. the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Though the target set by the MDG still remains unmet, India has come a long way in reducing maternal mortality. This has been achieved through a combination of government-led efforts, education of women, and emphasizing the importance of delivering at an institution, attended by trained medical personnel. Maternal mortality has declined by 69%, from an estimated 152,000 deaths in 1990 to 45,000 in 2015.

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Maternal Mortality